At the end of Year 1, (June) all children have to undertake the Year 1 Phonics Screening. This is carried out by the class teacher working 1:1 with each child. Children are presented with 40 words to read, some of which are real and some of which are pseudo (made up/fake/'alien') words containing the 40+ phonemes they have learned during their first two years in school. The pass mark is usually around 32 (but this is always confirmed after the results have been submitted) and children who do not reach this standard will receive extra phonics support in Year 2, and then resit the screening at the end of the following year.
More information about the Phonics Screening: